There are a lot of Arabic words here that you probably won’t understand but I’ll do my best to try to explain to you what it means… Before you start reading here is a picture of what he may have looked like..
Al-Ghazali is one of the greatest Islamic theologians, metaphysician and philosophical thinkers. He was born around 1058 in Tabaran a town near the district of Tus, Which lies in current day Iran. He learned various branches of traditional Islamic religious sciences in his home townand was active in Sufi practices from an early age. The man was appointed head of the Nizamiyyah “College” at Baghdad, which at the time was one of the most prestigious “colleges” in all of the Middle East. As the head of the Islamic community, he was busy lecturing on Islamic ways and rules at the College. He had no time to learn from other people point of view and was slightly self-centered. Four years after , al-Ghazali fell into a serious spiritual crisis and finally left Baghdad, renouncing his career and fled to Syria and Palestine. After another 2 years he returned to Tus, where he was engaged in writing and teaching in the college about Sufi practices until his death in 1111.
Al-Ghazali wrote at least two works on theology, al-Iqtisad fi’I-i`tiqad (The Middle Path in Theology) and al-Risala al-Qudsiyya (The Jerusalem Epistle). Both of his book summed up had on key concept in common. The creation of the world and its subsequent changes are produced by God’s eternal knowledge, will and power, but this does not necessarily mean any change in God’s attributes in accordance with these changes. According to al-Ghazali, God has attributes such as knowledge, life, will, hearing, seeing and speech. One of the main issues of theological debate was the relationship between God’s power and human acts. He emphasizing the divine justice, that God cannot place any obligation on people that are beyond their ability. He believed that God must do what is best for humans and must give rewards and punishments according to their obedience and or disobedience. He thought that god’s acts are beyond human ethical judgment and all creatures belong to God therefore, whatever he may do to his creatures, it cannot be considered unjust.
Some of his ideas and beliefs have been in some ways incorporated in Middle Eastern cultures but many of his ideas seemed a little too extreme from some people point of view. The ideas that were somewhat sane were incorporated into some sunni and shia cultures. The idea that god must do what it best for humans, no matter what the cost is still present in some middle eastern cultures and religions. Although his words do sometimes get mistaken and applied to an extreme extent, his believes in my opinion seem pure. Every now and then there are people who take and twist what he said in his book about god too seriously and defend him to a fault. By that i mean, a small amount of people who happen to extremist use his words to convey their point, when what Al-Ghazali was really trying to get across in my opinion was that we shouldn’t judge each other on our believes or opinions but let god judge us.
I will add more improve what i have said later……
^^^^^If you have time, Go watch that its documentry about him.. its really long^^^^