For my last example I will be talking about something I heard at my swimming lesson today. Basically what happened is that the teacher asked my peer, “Where’s Candace?” (Names have been changed) To which my peer replied:
Candace was not feeling well today;
Today she was throwing up;
Therefore, Candace was sick.
Or something along those lines. Any ways, this was the general jist of the discussion. Let’s break down the form of this now. Let Candace represent X; let today represent Y; Let sick (throwing up) represent Z.
X was Y;
Y was Z;
Therefore X was Z.
Logically (form wise) this makes sense. The premises lead to the conclusion and from what I can tell so far, they are all true.
Content wise, let’s look at the argument. My peer was the only one who could confirm Candace was sick today, however I don’t believe he would lie. From his character and her character I don’t believe she would skip class and I don’t believe he would cover for her. I know that’s not a positive, air tight way to think but I do believe Candace was not feeling well today, and that she throw up and that she is sick. So this argument is factually correct if we listen to the one person who could recount what happened. Now, when I see her next I could always just ask her myself as well, which I’ll do and comment here whether or not it was true. For today though, let’s go with that everything (premises and conclusion) are true. This make the argument factually correct.
THIS ARGUMENT IS SOUND! HALLELUJAH! I FOUND ONE!
This, ladies and gentleman is an example of a sound argument.
The logic from this argument probably comes from the fact that my peer lives with Candace and saw her not feeling well, and saw her being sick. My peer and Candace probably didn’t want the teacher think she was skipping out, so my peer came up with this argument.
Socially, today we missed out on a great, happy classmate during my lesson. Culturally, we maybe bonded a little bit by asking how Candace was doing; she was kind of a conversation starter. Politically, I sure hope this had no affect on the government. Economically, Candace just misses out on one class she paid for. But that’s not what matters, what matters is that being sick is sound! Thanks Candace!