Who decides what is right in society?
There is the good, and there is the right. What is good is what we find to hold value in and of itself, the things that have an intrinsic value. It would be good not kill people. The good however is not always a shared concept, people don’t value the same things. Therefore not everyone is good to everyone else because of this what some people perceive as good may not be good to someone else. This discrepancy is the reason why we have extremists, wars, and frivolous protests shutting down our economy.
On the other hand, we have what is right. What is right is what will eventually achieve what is good, and in our imperfect world that isn’t always the nicest.
Who actually gets to decide what is right, then? If there is a tough moral decision, who gets to make it? If the outcome of the decision is something that will affect the whole country, should it be the majority of people? Or should it be a small group of well-educated people? Or just one person? What changes when you need to make the choice quickly, and there isn’t enough time, or if it’s a complicated situation and some of the people who want to vote are also ignorant?
In the ideal version of democracy, it is the rule of all by all. That is, every decision would be made by consulting every person. Practically, there is neither time nor ability to consult everyone before any major decision. Theoretically, we get around this by getting people to make one decision every four years, that best represents the core values they feel are the most important. The majority of people can then spend their time going about their lives, while a smaller group of people make the many small decisions that governing a large group of people requires. These decisions can be based on what has been voted by the majority of people as the most important value to adhere to. The decision of what is right is made by a (relatively) small group of people, taking into account what the large group of people think is good.