Knowledge: what you know and what you can retain in your mind.
On my previous assignment on Jean-Paul Sarte, His overall philosophy was “humans are free.” As a result to this, he connected knowledge with the theory of value, human nature, learning, and the society. What we value, is determined by our knowledge, our human nature is determined by our knowledge, what we learn makes us gain more knowledge, and the society around us influences our knowledge. Therefore, the information we collect each and everyday builds up our knowledge.
I agree with Sartres view on knowledge and how we approach it, based on what we face during our life and experiences. We determine our “self” through experience and reflection, and that determination builds our knowledge.
Knowledge: What is knowledge?
According to Sartre, His theory of knowledge is:
– awareness of self as an individual, separate from all others, as being for itself, separate from being in itself.
– experience and reflection
– Mistakes are made through “self-deception”, when the individual attributes reason/causality to fate or determinism rather than to individual will and the personal decision to act upon that will.
People first exist, confront themselves, emerge in the world, and then define themselves and determine ones essence. The knowledge we gain in this world, is all based on experiences that occur in our life. In other words, how I would define knowledge, is strictly, experience. Knowledge is experience, therefore experience is knowledge.
Sartre argues that nothing can interfere with the choices we make in our life, therefore our knowledge is all based on our view on things, our perceptions, and our conclusions.
Knowledge, however, can be influenced by others, but in the end it’s the information you essentially comprehended and what you chose to believe.
Does that mean your belief has to always be true?
Beliefs, are your own views on certain things. What you view as “right” may vary from others, but that doesn’t mean you’re necessarily wrong for believing something in difference of others. They’re in your head and generally are viewed as just the way you hold the world, or some aspect of the world to be.
As a result, in my opinion, knowledge doesn’t need to necessarily hold complete truth. I view belief as the building block of knowledge as opposed to truth. What you believe, is your knowledge, regardless whether others may agree or not.
Experience + beliefs = Knowledge.