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Socrates (Gregory Gosse)


  • You and your philosopher (How do you differ, what do you hold the same?)
Differences Similarities
Socrates has his students to write down his life and his philosophy.   (Mainly Plato) We don’t document our lives through journals or other ways of writing.
  • What are they saying?(Outline a single argument/proposition from your selected philosopher.
    • Socratic Method aka Method of “Elenchus”
      • To solve a problem, it would be broken down into a series of questions, the answers to which gradually distill the answer a person would seek.
  • Truth, Validity, and Soundness (How would you evaluate your philosopher’s argument/proposition?)
Truth Validity Soundness
This argument is true.The Socratic Method is solving many branches of problems formed from   a single seed.When you answer the branches, the seed will then be solved. The argument has a solid point. It’s possible to find the answers to   questions which can help lead the first question to completion.If you continue questioning the premises, you will have a final   answer. This argument can be both sound and not sound.Sound because you do in fact get the first question’s answer by   finding out the premise of it.It’s not sound because when you question your premise, it can just   lead to more questions.


  • Metaphysics in the Modern World(Where do you see the influence, or evidence of the ideas expressed by your philosopher?)
    • Socrates once said
      • “I know you won’t believe me, but the highest form of Human Excellence is to question oneself and others.”
  • Socrates (Quoted in Xenophon’s “Economics”)
    • “Can it be, Ischomachus, that asking questions is teaching? I am just beginning to see what is behind all your questions. You lead me on by means of things I know, point to things that resemble them, and persuade me that I know things that I thought I had no knowledge of.”


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